Nasir-Al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz

Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque is located in the city of Shiraz, and was built in Qajar era by Nasir Al-Mulk. This mosque has two eastern and western bedchambers, and the eastern one has a tiled altar accompanied with 12 columns and windows with colorful glasses.

 

In fall and winter seasons when sunlight shines through the colorful glasses, it presents as exemplary beauty to the interior of the bedchamber, making this mosque outstandingly aesthetical among other mosques of Iran. The tiling and paintings of the bedchambers are of exceptional beauty as well.

 

I have seen Stained glass work in many architectural buildings, however the stained glass in The Nasir ol Mulk Mosque is Exceptional.

 

You are invited to see some photographs of this mosque:

 

ceiling of Nasir al-Mulk

ceiling of Nasir al-Mulk , click to see in full screen

 

Click to see in full screen

Click to see in full screen

 

 

From the start of dawn  the mosque is filled with colour and light. Sun shines through the glass and fills the inside, the persian rugs, the ceiling and wall tiles with patterns and colours.

I am so amazed at how the architect was able to combine so many things to build such an exquisite mosque.

I went to this mosque on a winter morning, and waited for the light that moves gently from the right hand side of the mosque towards the left, to fall exactly in the center so that my photograph could be completely symmetrical.

 

 

Columns and Colors

Columns and Colors, view from Top. click to see in full screen

 

 

Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque

Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque , click to see in full screen

 

 

 

More information about Nasir al-molk for those who are interested in Architecture and Archaeology: 

A brief introduction to Islamic architecture of Iran

Islamic period is a part of Persian history that starts after Sassanid period with coming Muslims till now.

This important part of history,have a long age,more than 1 millennium and divided into different dynasties. Every period have unique and own characteristics like architecture,economic  system,social  classifications and etc.

Now,we are going to have a glance to Qajar dynasty,because the place that we are speak about it,built at qajar period.

Qajar architecture

Every type of architecture in each period have some unique elements but it borrows some elements from previous periods. Therefor, the architecture of qajar period owes to Safavid art and architecture.

The Qajar art & architecture have not the magnificence and beauty of the previous period,for example some cities like Isfahan,Tabriz and Qazvin was extended and developed in safavid period with grand and unique mosques,schools,Carevansarais and complexes. But in Qajar period some cities like Tehran,Shiraz,Yazd and Kashan was raised by building mosques,bathes and palaces.

One of the most important monuments of this period Is Nasir-Al-Mulk mosque that built in shiraz,by one of the dignitaries that named Nasir-Al-Mulk. This mosque have several names like pink mosque because the usage of pink and yellow flowers in tiles. But the thing that makes this place more important,is the Technic of usage of glasses and play with lights. Another part of this mosque that attract most of photographers to take photos,is the harmony of using the columns inside it and this element,inspired from Jam-e mosque of Shiraz.

 

Nasir al-mulk

Nasir al-mulk, click to see in full screen

 

 

Plan of Nasir-Al-Mulk mosque

All of the mosques around the Islamic world,are very similar together,But they are different from each other.This difference is obvious in their plans. For example in Iran,the most mosques in every period,have 4 loggia,some others have 2 loggia and in rare cases we see even 1 loggia.

plan of nasir al mulk mosque

Nasir-Al-Mulk mosque have 2 loggia in north and south and in one of them exists 2 minaret and 2  halls in west and east. Some Arts are very significant at this mosque,like tiling,painting in roofs of loggia,colorful glasses,plaster-works, turnery of columns and the beautiful decorations of Mihrab.

 

 

Archaeological and architectural information are written by: @ Niloofar Ehteshami

 

Your comments are welcome:

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Pasargadae, Tomb of Cyrus and the private palace

Pasargadae, the capital of Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus the Great, is located in 130 km distance from Shiraz city on its northeast.

Cyrus the Great issued its construction (529–550 BC) after his victory over Astyages the last king of the Median Empire.

This complex is well known for its most famous monument, the tomb of Cyrus, but it also includes the prison of Solomon, Pasargadae Palace and citadel.Pasargadae


The tomb of Cyrus the Great:

Cyrus has issued the construction of this monument along with Pasargadae. This tomb consists of a chamber with sloping roof built on seven stone benches.

In 336 BC when Alexander the Great invaded Persia, Pasargadae was destroyed and the entire treasury of the palaces and tomb of Cyrus was looted.

This is a very important monument, as it is related to one of the most famous Persian Emperors and the history of Persia. It is for this reason that I had always wanted to immortalize the place at its best.  The Milky Way is only visible on certain summer evenings where the sky is clear and there is no moon. My aim was to capture this valuable structure under such a star-filled sky. Nobody is permitted to enter the area of Pasargadae, therefore aside from having to find the perfect time and moment; I also had to obtain various permits in order to make this photograph a possibility.

 

Tomb of Cyrus the great

Tomb of Cyrus the great

 

Royal palace of Cyrus with an area of 3427 km2 is one of the largest palaces of Pasargadae. The creeks in the surroundings of this palace indicate the existence of Persian gardens in this area.

In the photograph we see the remnants of the Audience Hall of the palace with 30 white columns. Plenty of black and white stones were used in this buildings structure.

 

 

Private Palace of cyrus the great

 Click to see in full screen

When I was taking this photo, for a moment I was stunned and lay on the ground for several minutes, staring at the sky, imagining I was there thousands of years ago, at the time that Cyrus the great lived with his council, ruling the greatest empire of all time; Persia.

 

Do not miss other Images in my Night Shots gallery.

Your comments are very welcome.

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Eram Gardens in Shiraz is one of the most famous historical gardens in Iran. These gardens and the building within them were built in the middle of the 13th century, but were renovated and enhanced significantly during the Qajar dynasty. Eram owes its fame and importance to the botanical garden which is home to a verity of unique and rare plants. The main building in the gardens was built by Nasir-ol-Molk , the creator of The Pink Mosque and is ornamented by numerous inscriptions and alluring paintings.

 

As I walked into the gardens, the first thing I noticed was the positive energy emanating from the place due to its green and colourful surroundings; much like that of the Nasir-ol-Molk Mosque. If not only for the agriculture, the grand structure before me had me in awe, from the vast colours and patterns used, to the unique architecture. More striking was the lake that span into small streams used as a watering system for all the gardens.

 

I tried to find a way to capture the building and its surrounding trees, and their reflection in the lake. In order to enhance the light and colour of the scene, I took the photo during sunset.

 

 

Eram Garden

Click on the image to see it on a full screen

 

 

Do not miss other Images of Shiraz in my Gallery.

Your comments are very welcome

 

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Pink Mosque ( Tutorial )

 

This Article is an Step by Step Tutorial that Describes how I took my Nasir al-mulk Panorama

Pink Mosque

http://1x.com/photo/668218/

Nasir-almulk-little-21

 

Equipments and Settings : Canon EOS 7D, Sigma 8mm Fisheye, 1/25s, f/8, ISO500, Tripod, Panoramic head

 

Introduction

The Pink Mosque, or Nasir al-mulk Mosque, is an historical site located in Shiraz, Iran. What makes it unique is the intricate mosaic work, the beautiful colored lights coming in through the stained glass windows and its dominant red color. I wanted to capture all of these distinguishing points in a panoramic image using the well-suited 8mm Sigma lens.

 

The Picture

Only in the late Autumn and early Winter, when the sun is lower in the sky, does one have access to the intense, broad spectrum light inside the mosque. Also, this mosque is open to the public during scheduled times, and group of visitors frequently come and crowd the space. My first challenge was to select the right time of year and hour of the day.
My work is focused on panoramic or wide-angle images of historical sites or beautiful architecture. I find that symmetry can be a key to strong composition when making panoramic interior photographs. Therefore, I positioned my tripod in the exact center point of the great room of the mosque. Here I also imagined the final composition, for I was designing a shoot that would require the stitching together of many photographs into a single final image. This was my second challenge.
I noted that the stream of sunlight would be on the right side of the mosque at around 8 a.m., moving slowly to the left side until noon and then fading quickly. For the maximum symmetry of light, I took my photographs at 10 a.m., a time when every ray of the light coming inside was almost perfectly symmetrical with the same amount of light on the right side of the windows as was present on the left. I had to work quickly. I would not have had the symmetry of light anymore if I were even five minutes late.
The third challenge was accurately controlling the light, in-camera, of the colorful mosaics – the most distinguishing property of the mosque. I had to select the correct camera adjustments.

 

  1. I set my Camera on manual mode (M) and adjusted it to make three bracketed shots with exposures of -2.5, 0, +2.5 (two and a half stops under-exposed, metered, and two and half stops over-exposed).
  2. I set my diaphragm or aperture to f/8 (which is the sharpest setting for the Sigma 8mm fisheye lens and allowing for an adequate depth of field).
  1. My ISO of choice was 500 because I needed to “tonemap” all my images with as little “noise” as possible.

I captured all images in the Raw file format. Tonemapping and Raw processing will be described in the next section.
My fourth challenge was managing to make a record of the space while crowds were present. Though many people visited inside the mosque, use of my panoramic technique made that easy to handle! I made sure my tripod was fixed in position, and then started taking photos, one after another, until I had satisfied the four angles that I wanted. The images, which included people, were photographed again after they had moved on. You can replace the original photos with your “second time around” or, if that is not possible, no matter, you can take many photos and mask out people in the final panoramic image. I have to emphasize, do not move your tripod! And do be aware of any lightning change that may happen during your panoramic photography! An example can be the sky: perhaps the sky is cloudy and the clouds move fast so you do not have direct sunlight in some photos. This will seriously effect on your final result!
I used a 8mm Fisheye lens taking only 4 photographs in a circle. My camera was mounted vertically, and I took pictures in each of the four 90 degree axes. Then I took one photo of the ceiling and finally an image pointed directly toward the floor (to mask my tripod). In the final photo of the floor, I moved my tripod a little but in a way that my camera remained in the exact same position as the other images (it can be done by adjusting the height of each leg, two will be taller and one will be shorter, and it will have some angle with respect to the horizontal level. Also, using a panoramic head is essential to have accurate results and to prevent misalignments. (More info can be found about this technique by searching “how to shoot nadir” on Google.)

 

Below are examples of the six photos.

Photo 1: Directly toward the stained glass windowsPhoto 1

Photo 2: 90 degrees to the right

Photo 2

Photo 3: 90 degrees to the left

Photo 3

 

 

Photo 4: 180 degrees from the stained glass windows

Photo 3

 

 

 

Photo 5: The ceiling

Photo 4

 

 

Photo 6: The floor

Photo 6

 

 

Below are some additional photos of the mosque. They  give additional information about the architecture of the mosque.

Additional Photo 1. This is a ‘long perspective’ fisheye shot of the stained glass windows.

Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque

Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque

Additional Photo 2. This is a ‘short perspective’ fisheye shot of the stained glass windows.

Nasir Al-Mulk

Nasir Al-Mulk

 

Post-Processing

All images were captured in Raw format. The first step was to remove any chromatic aberration and to adjust the white balance so that it was the same for each photo.

I imported my photos into Adobe Lightroom. Then in Lens Corrections, I clicked on Remove Chromatic Aberrations, and then in Basic I adjusted the White Balance and Color Temperature.

After that, I selected all of the images and Synced the Settings. This applied
my choice of settings to all of the images at once.

Finally I exported the images as 16-bit Tiff files.

Then it was time to stitch them together. For that I used PTGui Pro.

If you have some people in the Panorama, you can mask them out via the tools available in that software. Also, you need to align your Panorama well. Aligning is a very important step to gain smooth results and achieve the desired symmetry.

Since the shots were bracketed, I selected the HDR mode in the program and chose Enable HDR Mode and Link Bracketed Images.

In the Projection settings, I selected Little Planet, and when I exported the three individually Bracketed Panoramas, I selected Blend Plates.

This way I had three stitched panoramas, each with different exposures ready to be Tone Mapped (one that is under-exposed, one spot on, and one over-exposed).

I did the HDR Tonemapping using Photomatix Pro. In the list of presets, I used Default and in Lighting Adjustments I used Natural +. Don’t forget to Save your tonemapped image as a 16-bit Tiff file, as this preserves maximum data!

The final Post-processing step was to Develop the ‘naked’ Tonemapped Tiff file. This can be done using Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop. I adjusted this particular panoramic image with these settings: Clarity (+70), Contrast, Black (-50), Shadow (-50) and White (+30), because I cared about the highlights.

Now the Panorama is ready!

 

 

Hints

1- For interior Little Planet photos always stand exactly in the middle of the building. That will result in accurate symmetry and give you an acceptable composition.

2- Always try to find the distinguishing elements of the place that you are going to photograph. Determine your goal and then select your technique. Imagine your final result before starting your Panoramic shoot.

3- Remember you have to shoot in M (Manual mode), and all of your settings need to be similar in each of your images. If you are shooting in Raw format, you can sync the White Balance and Color Temperature on your computer with Adobe Camera Raw.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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